Article: article from journal or magazin.
Respective roles of calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRLR) and receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMP) in cell surface expression of CRLR/RAMP heterodimeric receptors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Receptor activity modifying proteins RAMP1, RAMP2, and RAMP3 are responsible for defining affinity to ligands of the calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRLR). It has also been proposed that receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMP) are molecular chaperones required for CRLR transport to the cell surface. Here, we have studied the respective roles of CRLR and RAMP in transporting CRLR/RAMP heterodimers to the plasma membrane by using a highly specific binding assay that allows quantitative detection of cell surface-expressed CRLR or RAMP in the Xenopus oocytes expression system. We show that: (i) heterodimer assembly is not a prerequisite for efficient cell surface expression of CRLR, (ii) N-glycosylated RAMP2 and RAMP3 are expressed at the cell surface and their transport to the plasma membrane requires N-glycans, (iii) RAMP1 is not N-glycosylated and is transported to the plasma membrane only upon formation of heterodimers with CRLR, and (iv) introduction of N-glycosylation sites in the RAMP1 sequence (D58N/G60S, Y71N, and K103N/P105S) allows cell surface expression of these mutants at levels similar to that of wild-type RAMP1 co-expressed with CRLR. Our data argue against a chaperone function for RAMP and identify the role of N-glycosylation in targeting these molecules to the cell surface.
Animals, Calcitonin Receptor-Like Protein, Cell Membrane/metabolism, DNA, Complementary, Dimerization, Glycosylation, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Membrane Proteins/genetics, Membrane Proteins/physiology, Mice, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Receptor Activity-Modifying Protein 1, Receptor Activity-Modifying Protein 2, Receptor Activity-Modifying Protein 3, Receptor Activity-Modifying Proteins, Receptors, Calcitonin/physiology, Xenopus
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