Drug resistance mutations in HIV-1-infected subjects during protease inhibitor-containing highly active antiretroviral therapy with nelfinavir or indinavir.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_81B928FCD18C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Drug resistance mutations in HIV-1-infected subjects during protease inhibitor-containing highly active antiretroviral therapy with nelfinavir or indinavir.
Périodique
Antiviral Therapy
Auteur(s)
Yerly S., Rickenbach M., Popescu M., Taffe P., Craig C., Perrin L.
Collaborateur(s)
Swiss HIV Cohort Study
ISSN
1359-6535 (Print)
ISSN-L
1359-6535
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
09/2001
Volume
6
Numéro
3
Pages
185-189
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Sep
Résumé
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate treatment outcome and characterize the pattern of genotype mutations in subjects with treatment failure on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) containing nelfinavir or indinavir.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The database of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study was screened for all subjects naive to protease inhibitor (PI) treatment who started HAART with nelfinavir or indinavir, responded initially (HIV-RNA <400 copies/ml) and received >24 weeks of treatment. Responders with subsequent treatment failure (HIV-RNA >1000 copies/ml, bordered by HIV-RNA >400 copies/ml) were selected for genotypic analysis.
RESULTS: Initial treatment response, maintenance of response and subsequent virological failure were observed at a comparable frequency in 1143 nelfinavir and 1555 indinavir subjects. Of the treatment-naive patients, 13% who took nelfinavir and 16% who took indinavir had HIV-RNA >1000 copies/ml at least once. These values increased to 24 and 27%, respectively, for reverse transcriptase inhibitor-experienced subjects. Genotypic analysis in a subset of subjects with virological failure identified 30N as the only primary mutation in the nelfinavir subjects (8 out of 21, 38%) whereas isolated or combined 82A/T and 461/L mutations were detected in the indinavir subjects (9 out of 20, 45%).
CONCLUSIONS: In this population of previously PI-naive subjects, the rate of virological failure and the frequency of resistance mutations at the time of virological failure were comparable in subjects receiving nelfinavir- or indinavir-containing HAART. In nelfinavir subjects, 30N was the only primary mutation whereas isolated or combined 82A/T and 461/L mutations were detected in indinavir subjects.
Mots-clé
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Base Sequence, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics, HIV Protease Inhibitors/administration & dosage, HIV-1, Humans, Indinavir/adverse effects, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Nelfinavir/administration & dosage, RNA, Viral/analysis, Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/administration & dosage
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
29/01/2008 9:52
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:48
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