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Perceived coercion and need for hospitalization related to psychiatric admission
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
DA - 20050725 IS - 0160-2527 LA - eng PT - Journal Article SB - IM Institution : Departement Universitaire de Psychiatrie Adulte (DUPA), Site de Cery, 1008 Prilly--Lausanne, Switzerland Mention de responsabiblité : Bonsack,Charles;Borgeat,Francois SAPHIRID:48078
Psychiatric hospitalization constitutes a moment of major stress to the point that occurrences of posttraumatic stress disorders have been described. Feelings of coercion are usual, whatever the legal status of admission. Patients may also consider afterwards that they needed hospitalization even if they refused it initially. A cross-sectional survey has been conducted among the inpatients of a Swiss psychiatric hospital to assess their subjective view of admission with emphasis on legal status, perceived coercion and need for hospitalization. Eighty-seven questionnaires were completed and analyzed. Results indicated that 74% of patients felt that they had been under pressure to be hospitalized, whether or not they were involuntarily admitted. Seventy percent felt their admission was necessary. More involuntary patients reported a subjective lack of improvement. Clinicians could decrease feelings of coercion of their patients while discussing need for hospitalization, legal status and subjective feeling of coercion as different dimensions. An argument is presented to favor positive pressure from social environment over legal involuntary commitment in many hospitalizations
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