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Parachlamydia and rhabdochlamydia: emerging agents of community-acquired respiratory infections in children.
Clinical Infectious Diseases
T O THE E DITOR-Besides viruses, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae are common causes of community-acquired respiratory infections (CARI) in children. However, the causal agent of CARI remains unknown in many cases [ 1]. Growing evidence suggests that Chlamydia-related bacteria might have a pathogenic role in humans [ 2, 3]. Parachlamydia acanthamoebae and Protochlamydia naegleriophila have been detected in respiratory clinical samples [ 4, 5], and the role of Parachlamydia acanthamoebae in pneumonia is supported by in vitro studies and animal models [ 6]. Rhabdochlamydia crassificans and Rhabdochlamydia porcellionis are intracellular pathogens of arthropods that also belong to the Chlamydiales order [ 7, 8]. A recent analysis suggests that Rhabdochlamydia species might affect morbidity and mortality in premature newborns [ 9], but their role ...
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