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In vitro P-glycoprotein-mediated transport of (R)-, (S)-, (R,S)-methadone, LAAM and their main metabolites
Methadone and L-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) are used as treatment for opiate addiction. Using a cellular model, we aimed to determine if methadone, LAAM and their main metabolites are substrates of the human P-glycoprotein transporter (P-gp), which is encoded by the ABCB1 gene, and whether methadone transport exhibits stereoselectivity. Pig kidney epithelial cells (control) and human ABCB1-transfected cells were incubated with methadone, LAAM and their metabolites, and their intra- and extracellular concentrations were measured. The intra- to extracellular ratios of methadone, LAAM and their metabolites were all decreased in ABCB1-transfected cells compared to controls (p < 0.05), thus indicating that they are substrates of P-gp. A weak stereoselectivity in methadone transport was observed towards the (S)-enantiomer. P-gp may therefore affect the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of methadone and LAAM. (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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