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Variability of resting energy expenditure in healthy volunteers during fasting and continuous enteral feeding.
Critical Care Medicine
The magnitude of variability in resting energy expenditure (REE) during the day was assessed in nine healthy young subjects under two nutritional conditions: 1) mixed nutrient (53% carbohydrate, 30% fat, 17% protein) enteral feeding at an energy level corresponding to 1.44 REE; and 2) enteral fasting, with only water allowed. In each subject, six 30-min measurements of REE were performed using indirect calorimetry (hood system) at 90-min intervals from 9 AM to 5 PM. The mean REE and respiratory quotient were significantly (p less than .01) greater during feeding than during fasting (1.08 +/- 0.07 [SEM] vs. 1.00 +/- 0.06 kcal/min and 0.874 +/- 0.007 vs. 0.829 +/- 0.008 kcal/min, respectively). Mean postprandial thermogenesis was 4.9 +/- 0.4% of metabolizable energy administered. The intraindividual variability of REE throughout the day, expressed as the coefficient of variation, ranged from 0.7% to 2.0% in the fasting condition and from 1.2% to 4.1% in the feeding condition. There was no significant difference between the REE measured in the morning and that determined in the afternoon.
Adolescent, Adult, Body Temperature Regulation, Circadian Rhythm, Energy Metabolism, Enteral Nutrition, Fasting, Female, Heart Rate, Humans, Male, Respiration, Rest
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