Article: article from journal or magazin.
Tapering for marathon and cardiac autonomic function.
International Journal of Sports Medicine
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish PDF : Training & Testing
The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in post-exercise heart rate recovery (HRR) and heart rate variability (HRV) during an overload-tapering paradigm in marathon runners and examine their relationship with running performance. 9 male runners followed a training program composed of 3 weeks of overload followed by 3 weeks of tapering (-33±7%). Before and after overload and during tapering they performed an exhaustive running test (Tlim). At the end of this test, HRR variables (e.g. HRR during the first 60 s; HRR60 s) and vagal-related HRV indices (e.g. RMSSD5-10 min) were examined. Tlim did not change during the overload training phase (603±105 vs. 614±132 s; P=0.992), but increased (727±185 s; P=0.035) during the second week of tapering. Compared with overload, RMSSD5-10 min (7.6±3.3 vs. 8.6±2.9 ms; P=0.045) was reduced after the 2(nd) week of tapering. During tapering, the improvements in Tlim were negatively correlated with the change in HRR60 s (r=-0.84; P=0.005) but not RMSSD5-10 min (r=-0.21; P=0.59). A slower HRR during marathon tapering may be indicative of improved performance. In contrast, the monitoring of changes in HRV as measured in the present study (i.e. after exercise on a single day), may have little or no additive value.
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