Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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In vivo characterization of sunitinib eluting beads
Title of the conference
SIR 2012, 37th Annual Meeting of the Society of Interventional Radiology
San Francisco, California, United-States, March 24-29, 2012SIR 2012, 37th Annual Meeting of the Society of Interventional Radiology
Purpose: To study the pharmacokinetics and potential toxicity of sunitinib eluting beads in an animal modelMaterials: Healthy New-Zealand white rabbits were used. 8 animals received 0.2ml of DC Beads loaded with 6mg of sunitinb intra arterially in the hepatic artery (group 1) and 4 animals received 6mg of sunitinib administered orally (group 2). In group 1, animals were sacrificed 6 hours (n=4) and 24 hours (n=4) after embolization. In group 2, animals were sacrificed 6 hours (n=2) and 24 hours (n=2) after oral administration of sunitinib. Liver enzymes were measured at 0, 6 and 24 hours in both groups. Plasmatic sunitinib concentration was measured by LC MS/MS tandem mass spectroscopy at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 24 hours. At sacrifice, the livers were harvested and sunitinib concentration in liver tissue was assessed by LC MS/MS tandem mass spectroscopy.Results: After embolization we observed an expected elevation of AST and ALT. Serial plasmatic measurments after embolization showed a very low sunitinib concentration (<50ng/ml). Measurment of sunitinib in the embolized liver tissue showed a very high concentration at 6 hours (3870ng/ml) and 24 hours (4741.7ng/ml).Conclusions: Sunitinib eluting beads are well tolerated by rabbits when administered intra-arterially in the hepatic artery. No unexpected toxicity was observed. Very high drug concentration canbe obtained at the site of embolization with minimal systemic passage.
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