Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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The C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase Inhibition in Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Title of the conference
18th European Stroke Conference
Stockholm, Sweden, May 26-29, 2009
Background: In intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), a subtype of stroke, the bloodentry into the brain triggers toxicity resulting in a strong loss of neurons andinflammation. Water content is also increases leading to growing intracranial pressure,which worsens neurological outcome. C-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) areactivated in response to stress stimuli. Specific inhibition of JNK by a TAT-coupledpeptide (XG-102) mediates neuroprotection in several models of ischemic stroke.Recently, we have noted that the JNK pathway is also activated in a mouse modelof ICH, raising the question of the efficacy of XG-102 in this model.Method: ICH was induced in the mouse by intrastriatal injection of bacterialcollagenase (0,1U). Three hours later, animals received an i.v. injection of XG-102(100μg/kg). The neuroscore was assessed using a scale (from 0 to 9) based on 3behavioral tests performed daily. Then, mice were sacrificed at 6h, 24h, 48h and 5dafter ICH and histological studies performed.Results: XG-102 significantly improves neurological outcome at 24h (mean score:1,8±1.4 vs 3,4±1.8, p<0.01). Analysis of the lesion volume revealed a significantdecrease of the lesion area in the treated group at 48h (29±11 mm3 vs 39±5 mm3,p = 0.04). XG-102 mainly inhibits the edema component of the lesion. Indeed, asignificant decrease of the brain swelling was observed in treated animals at 48h(14±13% vs 26±9%, p=0.04) and 5d (-0,3±4.5% vs 5,1±3.6%, p=0.01).Conclusions: Inhibition of the JNK pathway by XG-102 appears to lead to asignificant decrease of the cerebral edema in the ICH model providing a furtherbeneficial effect of the XG-102 treatment. This result is of interest becausecurrently, clinical treatment for brain edema is limited. Importantly, the beneficialeffects observed with XG-102 in both stroke models open the possibility to rapidlytreat patients before identifying the stroke subtype by imaging.
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