Article: article from journal or magazin.
The E1A oncogene induces resistance to the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on inhibition of growth of mouse keratinocytes.
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] inhibited DNA synthesis in transformed mouse keratinocytes (Pam212) in a time- and dose-dependent manner as measured by [3H]thymidine incorporation. To investigate the mechanism through which 1,25-(OH)2D3 acts, we examined its effects on Pam212 cells further transformed with the E1A oncogene. Here, we show that transformation of the cells with the E1A oncogene induced resistance to the effects of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on inhibition of growth of Pam212 cells. While 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment increased the level of expression of vitamin D receptor mRNA 20-fold in parental cells, the E1A-transformed cells failed to express vitamin D receptor mRNA even after treatment with 1,25-(OH)2D3. Transfection of the E1A-transformed cell line with an expression construct encoding the vitamin D receptor restored receptor expression as well as the inhibition of growth by 1,25-(OH)2D3. These results suggest that one of the mechanisms for acquisition of 1,25-(OH)2D3 resistance induced by E1A may involve loss of vitamin D receptor inducibility by 1,25-(OH)2D3.
Adenovirus E1A Proteins/genetics, Animals, Calcitriol/pharmacology, Cell Division/drug effects, Cells, Cultured, Drug Resistance, Keratinocytes/cytology, Keratinocytes/drug effects, Mice, Oncogenes, RNA, Messenger/analysis, Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
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