Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Synergistic effect of calcitriol and interferon-α on hepatitis C virus replication in vitro
Title of the conference
Annual Meeting of the Swiss Society of Gastroenterology, Swiss Society for Visceral Surgery, Swiss Association for the Study of the Liver
Lausanne, Switzerland, September 29-30, 2011
Swiss Medical Weekly
Background and aims: V itamin D is an important modulator o fnumerous c ellular processes, including innate and adaptive immunepathways. A recent large-scale genetic validation study performed withinthe framework of the Swiss Hepatitis C Cohort S tudy has demonstratedan association between t he 1α-hydroxylase promoter single nucleotidepolymorphism CYP27B1-1260 rs10877012 and sustained virologicresponse (SVR) after pegylated interferon-α ( PEG-IFN-α) plus ribavirintreatment of c hronic hepatitis C in patients w ith a p oor-response IL28Bgenotype. This suggests an intrinsic role o f vitamin D signaling in theresponse t o treatment of chronic hepatitis C, especially in patients withlimited sensitivity to IFN-α. In the present study, we investigated theeffect of 1,25-(OH)2 v itamin D3 (calcitriol) alone or in combination withIFN-α on the hepatitis C virus (HCV) life cycle in vitro.Methods: H uh-7.5 cells harboring Con1- or JFH-1-derived HCVreplicons or cell culture-derived HCV were exposed to 0.1-100 nMcalcitriol ± 1 -100 IU/ml IFN-α. The effect on HCV RNA replication andviral particle production was investigated by quantitative r eal-time PCR,immunoblot analyses, and infectivity titration analyses. The expression ofinterferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) and of calcitriol target genes wasassessed by quantitative real-time PCR.Results: Calcitriol had no relevant effect on the viability of Huh-7.5 cells.Calcitriol strongly induced and repressed the expression of the calcitrioltarget genes CYP24A1 and CCNC, respectively, confirming that Huh-7.5cells c an respond to c alcitriol signaling. P hysiological doses of calcitrioldid not significantly a ffect HCV RNA replication or i nfectious particleproduction in vitro, and calcitriol alone h ad no significant effect on theexpression of several ISGs. However, calcitriol in combination with IFN-αsubstantially increased the expression of ISGs compared to IFN-α alone.In addition, calcitriol plus IFN-α s ynergistically inhibited HCV RNAreplication.Conclusions: C alcitriol at physiological concentrations and IFN-α a ctsynergistically on the expression of I SGs and HCV RNA replication i nvitro. Experiments exploring the underlying mechanisms are underway.
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