Pro Free Will Priming Enhances "Risk-Taking" Behavior in the Iowa Gambling Task, but not in the Balloon Analogue Risk Task : Two Independent Priming Studies

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_7BA3E82880E0.P001.pdf (359.19 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_7BA3E82880E0
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Pro Free Will Priming Enhances "Risk-Taking" Behavior in the Iowa Gambling Task, but not in the Balloon Analogue Risk Task : Two Independent Priming Studies
Périodique
PLoS ONE (en ligne)
Auteur(s)
Schrag Y., Tremea A., Lagger C., Ohana N., Mohr C.
ISSN
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
03/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Numéro
3
Pages
NA
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Studies indicated that people behave less responsibly after exposure to information containing deterministic statements as compared to free will statements or neutral statements. Thus, deterministic primes should lead to enhanced risk-taking behavior. We tested this prediction in two studies with healthy participants. In experiment 1, we tested 144 students (24 men) in the laboratory using the Iowa Gambling Task. In experiment 2, we tested 274 participants (104 men) online using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task. In the Iowa Gambling Task, the free will priming condition resulted in more risky decisions than both the deterministic and neutral priming conditions. We observed no priming effects on risk-taking behavior in the Balloon Analogue Risk Task. To explain these unpredicted findings, we consider the somatic marker hypothesis, a gain frequency approach as well as attention to gains and / or inattention to losses. In addition, we highlight the necessity to consider both pro free will and deterministic priming conditions in future studies. Importantly, our and previous results indicate that the effects of pro free will and deterministic priming do not oppose each other on a frequently assumed continuum.
Mots-clé
free will, deterministic, priming, risk taking, questionnaires
Création de la notice
15/03/2016 13:37
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:36
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