The French version of the Defense Style Questionnaire

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_7B50EF860929
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The French version of the Defense Style Questionnaire
Périodique
Psychotherapy and psychosomatics
Auteur(s)
Bonsack C., Despland J.N., Spagnoli J.
ISSN
0033-3190
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1998
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
67
Numéro
1
Pages
24-30
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Bond et al. developed the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ), a self-questionnaire that aims at empirically measuring conscious derivatives of defense mechanisms. The original analysis yielded 4 factors called Defense Styles (DS). DSQ discriminates between mature and immature defense styles. OBJECTIVES: Determine if the French version of DSQ has (a) face validity, (b) a similar structure to the original version, (c) internal consistency, (d) grouping of defense mechanisms into clinically pertinent defense styles, (e) evidence of nonpatients using more mature defense styles, (f) correlation with Defensive Functioning Scale (DFS) (DSM-IV) [2]. METHODS: Reliability and validity study on 82 control subjects and 140 patients, 59 among them evaluated for defensive level. RESULTS: Factor analysis of controls sample yielded 4 factors ranging from immature to mature defense styles. DSQ scores on factor I (maladaptive style) are significantly higher in outpatients than in controls. Maladaptive style score correlates with clinical evaluation of defensive level of functioning (DFS). CONCLUSION: Psychometric features of the French version are similar to the original scale, although minor differences in individual defense mechanisms are present. Factor I (maladaptive defense style) remains more stable than other factors, accounts for most of variance contribution, has high internal consistency and applies to behaviors, i.e. conscious derivatives of defense mechanisms that can be easily identified. The French version of DSQ is (a) an easy and economical way to rate immature defense style in populations of 'neurotic' and borderline patients and (b) further provides a hierarchical grouping of defense mechanisms in defense styles.
Mots-clé
Adult, Defense Mechanisms, Female, France, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neurotic Disorders, Reproducibility of Results, Self Assessment (Psychology)
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
17/01/2008 17:51
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:35
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