Using the ‘regime shift' concept in addressing social-ecological change : Social-ecological regime shifts

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: Kull et al Regime shifts GR authors version.pdf (560.35 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_7AE0CD1FE3A6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Using the ‘regime shift' concept in addressing social-ecological change : Social-ecological regime shifts
Périodique
Geographical Research
Auteur(s)
Kull Christian A., Kueffer Christoph, Richardson David M., Vaz Ana Sofia, Vicente Joana R., Honrado João Pradinho
ISSN
1745-5863
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
56
Numéro
1
Pages
26-41
Langue
anglais
Notes
First published: 08 November 2017

Résumé
‘Regime shift’ has emerged as a key concept in the environmental sciences. The concept has roots in complexity science and its ecological applications, and is increasingly applied to intertwined social and ecological phenomena. Yet what exactly is a regime shift? We explore this question at three nested levels. First, we propose a broad, contingent, multi-perspective epistemological basis for the concept, seeking to build bridges between its complexity theory origins and critiques from science studies, political ecology, and environmental history. Second, we define the concept in a way that is consistent with this epistemology, building on previous work on speed, scale, stickiness, and interrelationships, but also emphasising human perceptions and rhetorical uses of the notion. Third, we propose a novel typology of the ways in which the regime shift concept is used in analysing social–environmental phenomena in geography and beyond. These uses are categorised along two axes. On the one side, we distinguish between description of past or present changes and normative prescriptions for the future. On the other side, we distinguish between whether the focus is on material shifts (social and ecological) or conceptual shifts (discourses and ideas). We illustrate the typology with reference to social–environmental changes in landscapes around the world that are dominated by plantations or the widespread naturalisation of Australian Acacia species. We conclude that the regime shift concept is a boundary object with value as both an analytical and communicative tool in addressing social–environmental challenges.

Mots-clé
biological invasions, regime shifts, epistemology, systems theory, social–ecological changes, tipping point
Création de la notice
25/01/2018 16:49
Dernière modification de la notice
17/05/2018 7:08
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