Psychological profile of adolescents with a kidney transplant.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_7AC1061B459F
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Psychological profile of adolescents with a kidney transplant.
Périodique
Pediatric transplantation
Auteur(s)
Berney-Martinet S., Key F., Bell L., Lépine S., Clermont M.J., Fombonne E.
ISSN
1399-3046[electronic]
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Numéro
6
Pages
701-710
Langue
anglais
Résumé
To describe the psychological profile of renal transplant adolescents compared to healthy peers and to adolescents with CKD, three groups of adolescents aged 12-18 yr were selected: TX, CX, and adolescents with CKD. Psychiatric symptoms and disorders were evaluated through direct interviews (K-SADS-PL) and self-report questionnaires (YSR and CBCL). Forty TX (14 LRD and 26 DD transplant recipients), 40 CX and 20 CKD were included. Twelve of 40 (30%) TX, three of 20 (15%) CKD, and three of 40 (7.5%) CX had a history of learning difficulties (p = 0.03). Compared to CX, TX had lower total YSR competencies score (p = 0.028) and lower total CBCL competencies score (p = 0.003). Twenty-six of 40 (65%) TX, 12 of 20 (60%) CKD and 15 of 40 (37.5%) CX (p = 0.038) met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for lifetime psychiatric disorder, with rates of depressive disorder of 35% among TX and CKD compared to 15.2% among CX (p = 0.043). Eight of 40 (20%) TX had a history of simple phobia. Nine of 40 (22.5%) TX met diagnostic criteria for ADHD as compared to one of 20 (5%) CKD and three of 40 (7.5%) CX. In the TX group, we found no significant differences in educational and psychiatric variables between LRD and DD. In conclusion, we found a high prevalence of psychiatric morbidity (depression, phobia, ADHD), educational impairment and social competence problems in the TX group. CKD scored in between TX and CX on most measures.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Child, Depressive Disorder/complications, Depressive Disorder/diagnosis, Female, Humans, Kidney Failure, Chronic/psychology, Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy, Kidney Transplantation/methods, Male, Mental Disorders/complications, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Social Class, Treatment Outcome
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
12/01/2010 18:27
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:34
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