Article: article from journal or magazin.
Epidemiologic study of low back pain in 1398 Swiss conscripts between 1985 and 1992.
European Spine Journal
The two objectives of this study, based on a sample of 1398 Swiss army conscripts born in 1966 who participated in a first study in 1985, were to measure the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) at age 26 years and its incidence between 19 and 26 years and to analyze the relationship between LBP and occupational, nonoccupational, or physical risk factors. The lifetime prevalence of LBP at age 26 was 69.1% and the incidence of LBP between 19 and 26, 44.7%. A history of LBP or a pathological physical examination result at age 19 did not predict the prevalence or the incidence at age 26. Standing, twisting, vibration, and heavy work were significantly associated with chronic LBP and/or the 1-year prevalence of LBP at age 26 (P < 0.05). The evolution of sport and leisure-time activities from age 19 to 26 did not differ between people with or without LBP. The ergonomic organization of the workplace should represent a major element of future strategies to prevent LBP.
Adult, Age Factors, Humans, Incidence, Low Back Pain/epidemiology, Low Back Pain/etiology, Male, Military Personnel, Occupational Diseases/epidemiology, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Switzerland/epidemiology
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