Bioimpedance for oedema evaluation after total knee arthroplasty.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_7A23FF9628CE
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Bioimpedance for oedema evaluation after total knee arthroplasty.
Périodique
Physiotherapy Research International
Auteur(s)
Pichonnaz C., Bassin J.P., Currat D., Martin E., Jolles B.M.
ISSN
1471-2865 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1358-2267
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
18
Numéro
3
Pages
140-147
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Résumé
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Electrical bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) allows the evaluation of limb extracellular fluid (R0) and total fluid (Rinf). BIS could facilitate post-surgical oedema evaluation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), as it is easily performed and is non-invasive. However, neither its applicability in this context nor the influence of metallic implants on measurement has been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of TKA implants on the BIS R0 and Rinf variables used for oedema evaluation.
METHOD: This was a prospective non-randomized comparative clinical trial. One oedema-free group of patients with TKA was compared with a group presenting similar characteristics except for the arthroplasty, to assess the influence of the implant on BIS measurement in the absence of oedema. The TKA group included 15 patients who had undergone surgery more than a year previously, and the control group included 19 patients awaiting TKA surgery. Volume and perimeter measurements served as reference criterions. The lower limb percentage differences for BIS, knee perimeter and volume were calculated. The significance of differences between groups was calculated for all measurement methods, using the Mann-Whitney test. The setting was a Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology in a university hospital.
RESULTS: The differences between groups were not significant for R0, Rinf, volume and perimeter. R0 showed the smallest mean difference in limb percentage difference between groups [means (SD): TKA 3.98 (8.09), controls 3.97 (5.16)].
CONCLUSIONS: The lower-leg percentage difference in the TKA group is comparable with that of healthy subjects. R0 can be used for oedema evaluation following TKA surgery, as there was no sign of alteration from the metallic implant. These findings indicate the potential for early oedema evaluation after TKA. More research is warranted to extensively validate the application of BIS for oedema evaluation after TKA. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Pubmed
Création de la notice
24/01/2013 12:32
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:33
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