Depressive Symptoms After Trauma : Is Self-Esteem a Mediating Factor?

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: Non spécifiée
ID Serval
serval:BIB_7999EDA1154B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Depressive Symptoms After Trauma : Is Self-Esteem a Mediating Factor?
Périodique
The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Auteur(s)
David Melissa, Ceschi Grazia, Billieux Joël, Van der Linden Martial
ISSN
0022-3018
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
196
Numéro
10
Pages
735-742
Langue
anglais
Résumé
: Traumatic events have predicted depressive symptoms.
Despite this consensus, it remains unclear as to whether the relationship between trauma and depression is consistently mediated by
a negative cognitive schema, such as low self-esteem, or whether
trauma influences mood independently of low self-esteem. This
study tested these relationships while considering depressive symptom types. One hundred thirty-two students reported the number of
traumatic events experienced and self-esteem and depression levels.
Results indicated 2 depressive symptom types: “cognitive-affective”
and “somatic.” Structural Equation Modeling tested an unmediated
path from trauma to depressive symptoms and a path mediated by
self-esteem. Results supported the unmediated relationship between
trauma and “cognitive-affective” depressive symptoms, and did not
support mediation by self-esteem. Findings are discussed in view of
a dimensional rather than categorical approach to depression, and in
consideration of alternative symptom clusters resulting from trauma
in addition to those captured by posttraumatic stress disorder.
Mots-clé
Psychiatry and Mental health, Trauma, Self-esteem, PTSD, Depression
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
10/01/2020 9:31
Dernière modification de la notice
24/01/2020 12:36
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