Article: article from journal or magazin.
The broad substrate chlorobenzene dioxygenase and cis-chlorobenzene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase of Pseudomonas sp. strain P51 are linked evolutionarily to the enzymes for benzene and toluene degradation.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The chlorobenzene degradation pathway of Pseudomonas sp. strain P51 is an evolutionary novelty. The first enzymes of the pathway, the chlorobenzene dioxygenase and the cis-chlorobenzene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase, are encoded on a plasmid-located transposon Tn5280. Chlorobenzene dioxygenase is a four-protein complex, formed by the gene products of tcbAa for the large subunit of the terminal oxygenase, tcbAb for the small subunit, tcbAc for the ferredoxin, and tcbAd for the NADH reductase. Directly downstream of tcbAd is the gene for the cis-chlorobenzene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase, tcbB. Homology comparisons indicated that these genes and gene products are most closely related to those for toluene (todC1C2BAD) and benzene degradation (bedC1C2BA and bnzABCD) and distantly to those for biphenyl, naphthalene, and benzoate degradation. Similar to the tod-encoded enzymes, chlorobenzene dioxygenase and cis-chlorobenzene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase were capable of oxidizing 1,2-dichlorobenzene, toluene, naphthalene, and biphenyl, but not benzoate, to the corresponding dihydrodiol and dihydroxy intermediates. These data strongly suggest that the chlorobenzene dioxygenase and dehydrogenase originated from a toluene or benzene degradation pathway, probably by horizontal gene transfer. This evolutionary event left its traces as short gene fragments directly outside the tcbAB coding regions.
Amino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, Benzene/metabolism, Biological Evolution, Biotransformation, Cloning, Molecular, Dioxygenases, Gene Transfer, Horizontal, Genes, Bacterial, Macromolecular Substances, Molecular Sequence Data, Multigene Family, Oxidoreductases/genetics, Oxidoreductases/metabolism, Oxygenases/genetics, Oxygenases/metabolism, Phylogeny, Pseudomonas/enzymology, Pseudomonas/genetics, Recombinant Proteins/metabolism, Restriction Mapping, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Substrate Specificity, Toluene/metabolism
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