Reading abilities and cognitive functions of children with epilepsy: influence of epileptic syndrome.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_79458ACC2BE1
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Reading abilities and cognitive functions of children with epilepsy: influence of epileptic syndrome.
Périodique
Brain and Development
Auteur(s)
Chaix Y., Laguitton V., Lauwers-Cancès V., Daquin G., Cancès C., Démonet J.F., Villeneuve N.
ISSN
0387-7604 (Print)
ISSN-L
0387-7604
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
03/2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
28
Numéro
2
Pages
122-130
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish. PDF type: Original article
Résumé
Children with epilepsy are at risk of developing learning disorders. To explore the influence of the epileptic syndrome on reading abilities, we have compared the neuropsychological profile of 12 children with benign idiopathic epilepsy with rolandic spikes, 10 with temporal lobe epilepsy and 12 with idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Children underwent a selection of standardised tests designed to assess: oral language, reading, short-term memory, attention and behavioural adjustment. Analysis of variance was adjusted according to age of onset of the epileptic syndrome, duration of the syndrome, and performance IQ for each group. Children with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) had significantly lower scores for reading speed and comprehension, but epileptic variables (the age of onset of epilepsy, duration and activity of epilepsy) had influenced academic performances. In the TLE group there was a clear effect of the topography of the epileptic foci (left-side TLE vs. right-side TLE) on reading profile. Furthermore, the effect of epileptic syndromes was found in phonological, semantic and verbal working memory deficits in the TLE group. To a lesser extent children with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) also exhibit cognitive deficit. The results of the present study lend support to epilepsy-specific patterns of neuropsychological dysfunction in children that should be considered to improve remediation of academic underachievement in these populations.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Child, Epilepsy/classification, Epilepsy/physiopathology, Female, Functional Laterality/physiology, Humans, Intelligence/physiology, Intelligence Tests/statistics & numerical data, Male, Memory Disorders/physiopathology, Memory, Short-Term/physiology, Neuropsychological Tests/statistics & numerical data, Reading, Retrospective Studies, Verbal Learning/physiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/03/2013 19:49
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:35
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