Article: article from journal or magazin.
A Bartter's syndrome mutation of ROMK1 exerts dominant negative effects on K(+) conductance.
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S.
Mutations in the gene encoding the renal epithelial K(+) channel ROMK1 (Kir 1.1) is one of the causes for Bartter's syndrome, an autosomal recessive disease. It results in defective renal tubular transport in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle that leads to hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and loss of salt. Two novel ROMK1 mutations, L220F/A156V, have been described recently in a compound heterozygote patient demonstrating typical manifestations of Bartter's syndrome. Functional properties of these ROMK1 mutants were studied by coexpressing in Xenopus oocytes and by means of double electrode voltage clamp experiments. When both ROMK1 mutants were coexpressed no K(+) conductance could be detected. The same was found in oocytes expressing A156V-ROMK1 only or coexpressing wild type (wt) ROMK1 together with A156V-ROMK1. In contrast, K(+) conductances were indistinguishable from that of wt-ROMK1 when L220F-ROMK1 was expressed alone. Activation of protein kinase C signaling inhibited the conductance in both L220F-ROMK1 and wt-ROMK1 expressing oocytes. These effects were not seen in A156V-ROMK1 expressing oocytes. Because no further abnormalities in the properties or regulation of L220F-ROMK1 were detected, we conclude that A156V-ROMK1 has a dominant negative effect on L220F-ROMK1 thereby causing Bartter's syndrome type two in this patient.
Bartter Syndrome/genetics, Bartter Syndrome/metabolism, Cations, Monovalent/metabolism, Electric Conductivity, Electrophysiology, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Mutation, Potassium/metabolism, Potassium Channels/genetics, Potassium Channels/metabolism, Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying, Protein Kinases/metabolism
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