Sous embargo jusqu'au 01/01/2019.
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
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Bushfire in Madagascar: natural hazard, useful tool, and change agent
Title of the book
Natural Hazards and Peoples in the Indian Ocean World: Bordering on Danger
Address of publication
Bankoff Greg, Christensen Joseph
Bushfire does not usually figure on lists of natural hazards in Madagascar, despite being damaging hazard on the island. This chapter argues that the lack of attention to fire comes from the fact that fire is multivalent, ambiguous, and flexible, being simultaneously an occasional 'hazard' for thatch-roof huts or crop fields, a 'useful tool' that farmers and pastoralists use to manage vegetation, and a major transformational force, or 'change agent', that damages land and forest. The chapter builds on the concept of pyric phases, identifying six important pyric phases in which fire serves, or is perceived to serve, different roles as hazard, tool, or change agent.
feux de brousse, Madagascar, catastrophes, aléas
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