Article: article from journal or magazin.
TNF-alpha failed to reverse the M. leprae-induced defective chemiluminescence response of human mononuclear cells.
FEMS Microbiology Immunology
The effect of phagocyte activation by TNF-alpha on the ability to trigger a chemiluminescence (CL) response, associated with the release of oxidizing species was evaluated in healthy human mononuclear cells in the presence of Mycobacterium leprae. Recombinant TNF-alpha (r-TNF-alpha) increased the CL response of unstimulated M. bovis BCG- and PMA-stimulated cells but did not reverse the M. leprae defective activation of the human phagocyte oxidative burst. M. leprae was less well phagocytosed than M. bovis BCG but phagocytosis of mycobacteria was not altered by addition of r-TNF-alpha. The failure of activation of oxygen-free radical production might have some relevance to the pathogenesis of leprosy.
Humans, Leprosy/immunology, Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects, Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology, Luminescent Measurements, Mycobacterium bovis/immunology, Mycobacterium leprae/immunology, Phagocytosis/drug effects, Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology, Respiratory Burst/drug effects, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
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