Aligning molecular studies of mycorrhizal fungal diversity with ecologically important levels of diversity in ecosystems.

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Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_7666ECAD2D8A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Aligning molecular studies of mycorrhizal fungal diversity with ecologically important levels of diversity in ecosystems.
Périodique
The ISME Journal
Auteur(s)
Sanders I.R., Rodriguez A.
ISSN
1751-7370 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1751-7362
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Numéro
12
Pages
2780-2786
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) occur in the roots of most plants and are an ecologically important component of the soil microbiome. Richness of AMF taxa is a strong driver of plant diversity and productivity, thus providing a rationale for characterizing AMF diversity in natural ecosystems. Consequently, a large number of molecular studies on AMF community composition are currently underway. Most published studies, at best, only address species or genera-level resolution. However, several experimental studies indicate that variation in plant performance is large among plants colonised by different individuals of one AMF species. Thus, there is a potential disparity between how molecular community ecologists are currently describing AMF diversity and the level of AMF diversity that may actually be ecologically relevant. We propose a strategy to find many polymorphic loci that can define within-species genetic variability within AMF, or at any level of resolution desired within the Glomermycota. We propose that allele diversity at the intraspecific level could then be measured for target AMF groups, or at other levels of resolution, in environmental DNA samples. Combining the use of such markers with experimental studies on AMF diversity would help to elucidate the most important level(s) of AMF diversity in plant communities. Our goal is to encourage ecologists who are trying to explain how mycorrhizal fungal communities are structured to take an approach that could also yield meaningful information that is relevant to the diversity, functioning and productivity of ecosystems.

Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
17/05/2016 19:03
Dernière modification de la notice
08/05/2019 20:33
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