Topical retinoids exposure during pregnancy.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_7618155BC355
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Topical retinoids exposure during pregnancy.
Titre de la conférence
9th World Conference on Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Auteur(s)
Panchaud A., Stahl B., Schaefer C., Berlin M., De Santis M., Vial T., Ieri A., Malm H., Eleftheriou G., Buclin T.
Adresse
Québec City, Canada, July 27 - August 1, 2008
ISBN
1198-581X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Volume
15
Série
Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Pages
e677-e678
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Concerns have been raised with the topical use of retinoids since the publication of occasional cases associated with characteristic retinoid embryopathy, originally described after oral use. Epidemiological data are still scant. A collaborative study was carried out to evaluate the rate of congenital malformations following 1st trimester topical retinoid exposure. Using a standardized protocol exposed pregnancies and non exposed controls were prospectively recorded by the European Network of Teratology Information Services (ENTIS). A population of 222 pregnant women exposed to topical retinoids (median age [range]: 30 [21 - 42] years; gestational week at call: 7 [3 - 35]) were compared to 444 women not exposed (median age [range]: 32 [17 - 48] years; gestational week at call: 8 [2 - 39]). The following retinoids were identified: adapalene: 22; retinoic acid: 10; tretinoin: 135; isotretinoin:49, others: 6. The exposed and non-exposed groups did not differ in maternal alcohol and tobacco use, gestational duration, birth weight and length. There were no Abstracts: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics IXth World Congress -2008 significant differences between groups in the rate of pregnancies ending in spontaneous abortion (8.7% in exposed vs. 5.9% in unexposed; P=0.18) or in infants with minor malformations (3.7% in exposed vs. 2.9% in unexposed; P=0.61) and major malformations (3.7% in exposed vs. 2.2% in unexposed; P=0.29). No child showed features of retinoid embryopathy. In conclusion, these results bring reassurance in cases of fortuitous topical retinoid exposure. However, according to the current knowledge, topical retinoids can not be recommended for use during pregnancy, as the risk/benefit ratio remains questionable.
Création de la notice
21/06/2010 16:34
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:24
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