Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Topical retinoids exposure during pregnancy.
Title of the conference
9th World Conference on Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Québec City, Canada, July 27 - August 1, 2008
Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Concerns have been raised with the topical use of retinoids since the publication of occasional cases associated with characteristic retinoid embryopathy, originally described after oral use. Epidemiological data are still scant. A collaborative study was carried out to evaluate the rate of congenital malformations following 1st trimester topical retinoid exposure. Using a standardized protocol exposed pregnancies and non exposed controls were prospectively recorded by the European Network of Teratology Information Services (ENTIS). A population of 222 pregnant women exposed to topical retinoids (median age [range]: 30 [21 - 42] years; gestational week at call: 7 [3 - 35]) were compared to 444 women not exposed (median age [range]: 32 [17 - 48] years; gestational week at call: 8 [2 - 39]). The following retinoids were identified: adapalene: 22; retinoic acid: 10; tretinoin: 135; isotretinoin:49, others: 6. The exposed and non-exposed groups did not differ in maternal alcohol and tobacco use, gestational duration, birth weight and length. There were no Abstracts: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics IXth World Congress -2008 significant differences between groups in the rate of pregnancies ending in spontaneous abortion (8.7% in exposed vs. 5.9% in unexposed; P=0.18) or in infants with minor malformations (3.7% in exposed vs. 2.9% in unexposed; P=0.61) and major malformations (3.7% in exposed vs. 2.2% in unexposed; P=0.29). No child showed features of retinoid embryopathy. In conclusion, these results bring reassurance in cases of fortuitous topical retinoid exposure. However, according to the current knowledge, topical retinoids can not be recommended for use during pregnancy, as the risk/benefit ratio remains questionable.
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