Prevalence of overweight and obesity among migrants in Switzerland: association with country of origin.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_75C51D450C57.P001.pdf (224.08 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_75C51D450C57
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Prevalence of overweight and obesity among migrants in Switzerland: association with country of origin.
Périodique
Public health nutrition
Auteur(s)
Marques-Vidal P., Vollenweider P., Waeber G., Paccaud F.
ISSN
1475-2727 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1368-9800
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
07/2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
14
Numéro
7
Pages
1148-1156
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Migrants tend to present higher overweight and obesity levels, but whether this relationship applies to all nationalities has seldom been studied. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity according to nationality in adults.
Cross-sectional population-based samples.
Five-year nationwide interview surveys (Swiss Health Surveys - SHS) from 1992 to 2007 (n 63 766) and a local examination survey (CoLaus Study in Lausanne 2004-2006, n 6743).
Participants were separated into Swiss, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish nationals, those from the former Republic of Yugoslavia and from other European and other countries.
Compared with Swiss nationals, German and French nationals presented a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity, whereas nationals from Italy, Spain, Portugal and the former Republic of Yugoslavia presented higher levels. Adjusting the SHS data for age, gender, education, smoking, leisure-time physical activity and survey year, a lower risk for overweight and obesity was found for German (OR = 0·80, 95 % CI 0·70, 0·92) and French (OR = 0·74, 95 % CI 0·61, 0·89) nationals, whereas higher risks were found for participants from Italy (OR = 1·45, 95 % CI 1·33, 1·58), Spain (OR = 1·36, 95 % CI 1·15, 1·61), Portugal (OR = 1·25, 95 % CI 1·06, 1·47) and the former Republic of Yugoslavia (OR = 1·98, 95 % CI 1·69, 2·32). Similar findings were observed in the CoLaus Study for Italian (OR = 1·63, 95 % CI 1·29, 2·06), Spanish (OR = 1·54, 95 % CI 1·17, 2·04) and Portuguese (OR = 1·49, 95 % CI 1·16, 1·91) participants and for those from the former Republic of Yugoslavia (OR = 5·34, 95 % CI 3·00, 9·50).
Overweight and obesity are unevenly distributed among migrants in Switzerland. Migrants from Southern Europe and from the former Republic of Yugoslavia present higher prevalence rates. This suggests that preventive messages should be tailored to these specific populations.

Mots-clé
Adult, Cross-Sectional Studies, Emigrants and Immigrants/statistics & numerical data, Ethnic Groups/statistics & numerical data, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity/epidemiology, Obesity/ethnology, Overweight/epidemiology, Overweight/ethnology, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
23/02/2011 14:33
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:24
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