Article: article from journal or magazin.
The renal hemodynamic effects of ibuprofen in the newborn rabbit.
In early childhood, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are mainly used to either prevent or treat premature labor of the mother and patent ductus arteriosus of the newborn infant. The most frequently used prostaglandin-synthesis inhibitor is indomethacin. Fetuses exposed to indomethacin in utero have been born with renal developmental defects, and in both the unborn child and the term and premature newborn this drug may compromise renal glomerular function. The latter has in the past also been observed when i.v. indomethacin or i.v. acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) were administered to newborn rabbits. The present experiments were designed to evaluate whether ibuprofen has less renal side effects than indomethacin, as claimed. Three groups of anesthetized, ventilated, normoxemic neonatal rabbits were infused with increasing doses of ibuprofen (0.02, 0.2, 2.0 mg/kg body weight) and the following renal parameters were measured: urine volume, urinary sodium excretion, GFR, and renal plasma flow. Renal blood flow, filtration fraction, and the renal vascular resistance were calculated according to standard formulae. Intravenous ibuprofen caused a dose-dependent, significant reduction in urine volume, GFR, and renal blood flow with a fall in filtration fraction in the animals receiving the highest dose of ibuprofen (2 mg/kg body weight). There was a very steep rise in renal vascular resistance. Urinary sodium excretion decreased. These experiments in neonatal rabbits clearly show that acute i.v. doses of ibuprofen also have significant renal hemodynamic and functional side effects, not less than seen previously with indomethacin.
Animals, Animals, Newborn, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/toxicity, Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/administration & dosage, Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/toxicity, Female, Glomerular Filtration Rate/drug effects, Hemodynamics/drug effects, Humans, Ibuprofen/administration & dosage, Ibuprofen/toxicity, Infant, Newborn, Injections, Intravenous, Kidney/drug effects, Kidney/growth & development, Pregnancy, Rabbits, Renal Circulation/drug effects
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