Article: article from journal or magazin.
High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the Seychelles (Indian Ocean).
Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis
In recent years, increasingly high rates of cardiovascular diseases have been recorded in the Seychelles. A survey was performed to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in that population, which is shifting from its traditional habits to a westernized lifestyle. The Seychelles population is of predominantly black African origin. A sex- and age-stratified random sample of 1,309 subjects was drawn from 21,256 people aged 25-64 years. A response rate of 86% was achieved. The data showed a high prevalence of hypertension (25%) and cigarette smoking (54%) in men and a high prevalence of hypertension (20%) and obesity (21%) in women. Hypercholesterolemia (greater than 6.5 mmol/l) was found in 9% of men and 15% of women. High density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (mean +/- SD) were higher in men (1.42 +/- 0.49 mmol/l) than in women (1.36 +/- 0.34 mmol/l). High levels of lipoprotein(a) (mean +/- SD) were found both in men (319 +/- 362 mg/l) and women (328 +/- 415 mg/l). The high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors identified in the Seychelles indicates a pressing current need for effective preventive strategies.
Adult, Aging, Alcohol Drinking, Blood Pressure, Body Mass Index, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cholesterol, HDL, Female, Humans, Lipids, Male, Middle Aged, Regression Analysis, Risk Factors, Seychelles, Smoking
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