Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
3526: Proximal and distal colon tumors as distinct biologic entities with different prognoses.
Title of the conference
Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Clinical-Oncology (ASCO)
Chicago, USA, May 31 - June 04, 2013
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Background: It has been shown that tumors arising in the proximal and distal colon, defined by the embryological midgut and hindgut, have distinctive clinical and molecular features, but very little is known concerning the differences in the mechanism of tumorigenesis and the effect that this could have on therapy. Methods: The distribution of clinico-pathological and molecular features was evaluated between proximal (N = 1110, Caecum to hepatic flexure) and distal colon (N = 1728, splenic flexure down to sigmoid) in patients included in the PETACC3 trial. Gene expression profile was also available from 783 tumors and 32 normal colon. A further set of 473 metastatic patients treated with cetuximab combined with chemotherapy (De Roock Lancet Oncol. 2010) was used to test tumor location with response. Results: Pathological features, such as tumor differentiation, and mucinous histology as well as molecular characteristics, such as MSI status, BRAF, PIK3Ca mutations and LOH18q loss show higher frequency in proximal compared to distal colon (N = 1214; Fisher test, P<0.001). Proximal tumors showed a significantly worse overall survival (N= 2838; HR=1.4 [1.18 - 1.64] P<0.001) and survival after relapse (N = 861; HR=1.97 [1.65 - 2.35] P <0.001) only if they were stage III at diagnosis, while no difference was observed for relapse free survival. Microarray profiling identified 997 genes differentially expressed between the two anatomical sites, after adjustment for age, gender, mucinous histology, BRAF, KRAS and MSI status. Only 20 of those were present in normal colon site comparison indicating tumor specificity. Data mining analysis of the differentially expressed genes showed that the distal colon is characterized by an enrichment for MAPK activated pathways as well as for the cetuximab response gene signature (Khambata-Ford JCO 2007). In fact, cetuximab treated KRAS/BRAF wild-type tumors in distal colon had prolonged PFS and a 2-fold higher response rate then proximal. Conclusions: Proximal and distal colon tumors have distinctive patterns of clinical-pathological and molecular features. These biological differences likely have significant prognostic and therapeutic implications.
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