Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Boosting of Replication Competent NYVAC Primed HIV-1-Specific T-Cell Responses by HIV Synthetic Long Peptides (SLP)
Title of the conference
AIDS Vaccine 2011 Conference
Bangkok, Thailand, September 12-15, 2011
Aids Research and Human Retroviruses
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: To enhance the induction of insert specific immune responses, a new generation of replication competent poxvirus vectors was designed and evaluated against non-replicating poxvirus vectors in a HIV vaccine study in non human primates.Methods: Rhesus macaques were immunized with either the non-replicating variant NYVAC-GagPolNef HIV-1 clade C or the replicating NYVAC-GagPolNef-C-KC, boosted with HIVGag- PolEnv-SLP and immune responses were monitored.Results: Gag-specific T-cell responses were only detected in animals immunized with the replicating NYVAC-GagPolNef-C-KC variant. Further enhancement and broadening of the immune response was studied by boosting the animals with novel T-cell immunogens HIVconsv synthetic long peptides (SLP), which direct vaccine-induced responses to the most conserved regions of HIV and contain both CD4 T-helper and CD8 CTL epitopes. The adjuvanted (Montanide ISA-720) SLP divided into subpools and delivered into anatomically separate sites enhanced the Gag-specific T-cell responses in 4 out of 6 animals, to more than 1000 SFC/106 PBMC in some animals. Furthermore, the SLP immunization broadened the immune response in 4 out of 6 animals to multiple Pol epitopes. Even Env-specific responses, to which the animals had not been primed, were induced by SLP in 2 out of 6 animals.Conclusion: This new immunization strategy of priming with replicating competent poxvirus NYVAC-HIVGagPolNef and boosting with HIVGagPolEnv-SLP, induced strong and broad Tcell responses and provides a promising new HIV vaccine approach. This study was performed within the Poxvirus T-cell Vaccine Discovery Consortium (PTVDC) which is part of the CAVD program.
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