Exercise and nonspecific low back pain: a literature review.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_741713F0D115
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Exercise and nonspecific low back pain: a literature review.
Périodique
Joint, Bone, Spine
Auteur(s)
Henchoz Y., Kai-Lik So A.
ISSN
1778-7254 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1297-319X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
75
Numéro
5
Pages
533-539
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
We reviewed the literature to clarify the effects of exercise in preventing and treating nonspecific low back pain. We evaluated several characteristics of exercise programs including specificity, individual tailoring, supervision, motivation enhancement, volume, and intensity. The results show that exercise is effective in the primary and secondary prevention of low back pain. When used for curative treatment, exercise diminishes disability and pain severity while improving fitness and occupational status in patients who have subacute, recurrent, or chronic low back pain. Patients with acute low back pain are usually advised to continue their everyday activities to the greatest extent possible rather than to start an exercise program. Supervision is crucial to the efficacy of exercise programs. Whether general or specific exercises are preferable is unclear, and neither is there clear evidence that one-on-one sessions are superior to group sessions. Further studies are needed to determine which patient subsets respond to specific characteristics of exercise programs and which exercise volumes and intensities are optimal.
Mots-clé
Activities of Daily Living, Disability Evaluation, Exercise, Exercise Therapy, Humans, Low Back Pain/physiopathology, Low Back Pain/prevention & control, MEDLINE, Pain Measurement, Severity of Illness Index
Pubmed
Création de la notice
12/01/2009 17:20
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:20
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