Acute and long term mineral metabolism adaptation in living kidney donors : a prospective study

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_73E8FD0E4436
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Acute and long term mineral metabolism adaptation in living kidney donors : a prospective study
Périodique
Bone
Auteur(s)
Ponte B., Trombetti A., Hadaya K., Ernandez T., Fumeaux D., Iselin C., Martin P.Y., de Seigneux S.
ISSN
1873-2763 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1873-2763
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
62
Pages
36-42
Langue
anglais
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Living kidney donors (LKDs) experience an abrupt decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Mineral metabolism adaptations in early CKD are still debated and not well studied in LKDs. We prospectively studied acute and long term mineral metabolism adaptation of LKDs.
METHODS: From May 2010 to December 2012, we included 27 adult LKDs. Their mineral parameters and renal function were repeatedly measured at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 180 and 360 after donation. We also measured in uninephrectomized rats' Klotho in the remnant kidney and FGF23 circulating levels.
RESULTS: In the first days after nephrectomy, LKDs experience transient dilution hypocalcemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Urinary phosphate reabsorption decreases in spite of an abrupt decline in circulating FGF23 and Klotho. In a more chronic stage, at days 180 and 360 after donation, LKDs have lower GFR and 1,25(OH)2D compared to pre-donation levels, with unchanged 25(OH)D. PTH levels increase, resulting in decreased plasma phosphate levels and renal tubular reabsorption of phosphate. In comparison to pre-donation, FGF23 levels are not significantly changed whereas circulating Klotho levels are lower than pre-donation but higher than immediately post-donation. In uninephrectomized rats, Klotho kidney expression increases after three weeks, whereas circulating FGF23 levels are unchanged.
CONCLUSION: From six months after kidney donation, LKDs develop secondary hyperparathyroidism related to a decrease in 1,25(OH)2D, and decreased plasma phosphate levels. FGF23 levels do not rise in LKDs. Middle term mineral metabolism adaptations to decreased eGFR in donors include decrease in 1,25(OH)2D and increase in PTH and fractional excretion of phosphate resulting in lowered plasma phosphate levels, independently of FGF23. These adaptations differ from those described in CKD patients.
Mots-clé
Adaptation, Physiological, Adult, Animals, Blotting, Western, Female, Fibroblast Growth Factors/blood, Follow-Up Studies, Glucuronidase/blood, Humans, Kidney/metabolism, Kidney/surgery, Kidney Transplantation, Living Donors, Male, Middle Aged, Minerals/metabolism, Nephrectomy, Perioperative Care, Prospective Studies, Rats
Pubmed
Création de la notice
12/06/2015 13:54
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:20
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