Article: article from journal or magazin.
Chronic continuous exenatide infusion does not cause pancreatic inflammation and ductal hyperplasia in non-human primates.
American Journal of Pathology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of exenatide (EXE) treatment on exocrine pancreas of nonhuman primates. To this end, 52 baboons (Papio hamadryas) underwent partial pancreatectomy, followed by continuous infusion of EXE or saline (SAL) for 14 weeks. Histological analysis, immunohistochemistry, Computer Assisted Stereology Toolbox morphometry, and immunofluorescence staining were performed at baseline and after treatment. The EXE treatment did not induce pancreatitis, parenchymal or periductal inflammatory cell accumulation, ductal hyperplasia, or dysplastic lesions/pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia. At study end, Ki-67-positive (proliferating) acinar cell number did not change, compared with baseline, in either group. Ki-67-positive ductal cells increased after EXE treatment (P = 0.04). However, the change in Ki-67-positive ductal cell number did not differ significantly between the EXE and SAL groups (P = 0.13). M-30-positive (apoptotic) acinar and ductal cell number did not change after SAL or EXE treatment. No changes in ductal density and volume were observed after EXE or SAL. Interestingly, by triple-immunofluorescence staining, we detected c-kit (a marker of cell transdifferentiation) positive ductal cells co-expressing insulin in ducts only in the EXE group at study end, suggesting that EXE may promote the differentiation of ductal cells toward a β-cell phenotype. In conclusion, 14 weeks of EXE treatment did not exert any negative effect on exocrine pancreas, by inducing either pancreatic inflammation or hyperplasia/dysplasia in nonhuman primates.
Amylases/blood, Animals, Apoptosis, Female, Hyperplasia, Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage, Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects, Immunohistochemistry, Inflammation/pathology, Infusions, Intravenous, Insulin Resistance, Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism, Male, Microscopy, Fluorescence, Pancreas, Exocrine/metabolism, Pancreas, Exocrine/pathology, Pancreatic Ducts/cytology, Pancreatic Ducts/pathology, Papio, Peptides/administration & dosage, Peptides/adverse effects, Phenotype, Venoms/administration & dosage, Venoms/adverse effects
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