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IL-10 producing CD8+ T cells in human infection with Leishmania guyanensis.
Microbes and Infection
Date de publication
Cytokines are increasingly recognized as important components of the cellular immune responses to intracellular pathogens. In this study, we analyzed the production of TGF-beta, IL-10 and IFN-gamma by PBMC of unexposed naïve subjects and LCL patients after stimulation with live Leishmania guyanensis (L.g.). We demonstrated that IFN-gamma is produced in controls and LCL patients, IL-10 only in LCL patients and TGF-beta only in naïve subjects. Furthermore, in naive subjects, neutralization of TGF-beta induced IL-10 production. IL-10 produced in naïve subjects when TGF-beta is neutralized or in LCL patients did not modify the IFN-gamma production but inhibit reactive nitrogen species production. Analysis of the phenotype of IL-10 producing cells in naive subjects when TGF-beta is neutralized clearly showed that they are memory CD45RA- CD8+ T cells. In LCL patients, IL-10 producing cells are both CD45RA- CD4 and CD8+ T cells. The role of these IL-10 producing CD8+ T cells in the development of the diseases should be carefully evaluated.
Animals, Antigens, CD45/metabolism, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism, Cell Line, Cells, Cultured, Humans, Immunologic Memory, Interleukin-10/biosynthesis, Leishmania guyanensis/pathogenicity, Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous/diagnosis, Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous/immunology, Lymphocyte Activation
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