Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Technologies of directed protein evolution in vivo.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Review
Directed evolution of proteins for improved or modified functionality is an important branch of modern biotechnology. It has traditionally been performed using various in vitro methods, but more recently, methods of in vivo artificial evolution come into play. In this review, we discuss and compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic-based systems of directed protein evolution in vivo, highlighting their benefits and current limitations and focusing on the biotechnological potential of vertebrate immune cells for the generation of protein diversity by means of the immunoglobulin diversification machinery.
Animals, Directed Molecular Evolution/methods, Eukaryota/genetics, Eukaryota/metabolism, Humans, Prokaryotic Cells/physiology, Protein Engineering/methods, Proteins/genetics
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