Analysis of photoreceptor abnormality in GUCY2D E837D/R838S transgenic pigs

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_726D7A980A1B
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Analysis of photoreceptor abnormality in GUCY2D E837D/R838S transgenic pigs
Titre de la conférence
ARVO E-Abstract 6462/A388
Auteur(s)
Kostic C., King T., Crippa S., Philippe S., Lillico S., Sarkis C., Mallet J., Arsenijevic Y., Whitelaw B.
Organisation
Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Adresse
Fort Lauderdale
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Purpose: We generated genetically engineered pigs expressing the human dominant GUCY2DE837D/R838S allele to modelize cone dystrophy. After a functional follow-up showing reduced photopic ERG responses (ARVO 2011), we analyzed the eyes by immunohistochemistry and revealed retinal modifications in the transgenic group.
Methods: Lentiviral vectors encoding the human double mutant GUCY2DE837D/R838S cDNA under the control of a portion of the pig arrestin-3 promoter (Arr3) were produced and used for lentiviral-mediated transgenesis in pigs. Animals were regularly submitted to behavioral and functional investigations and were sacrificed at 4, 7, 15 and 18 months of age for histological and RT-PCR analyses. Retinal markers were used to evaluate the retinal status of eleven transgenic pigs and 6 non-transgenic controls. The expression of the mutant cDNA was also assayed by RT-PCR.
Results: A significant increase in the number of displaced nuclei in the outersegment layer is observed in transgenic animals compared to control animals independently of their age. Part of these nuclei originate from cones as demonstrated by colocalization with cone markers. No significant change in the ONL thickness (central and peripheral retina) was measured between 4 and 18 months of age, showing a slow progression of the disease in the transgenic pigs within this time-frame.
Conclusions: Arr3-GUCY2DE837D/R838S pigs show signs of retinal abnormality with slow progression which parallels the loss of photopic function. Further characterization of this model should help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the disease evolution.
Création de la notice
25/01/2013 10:36
Dernière modification de la notice
19/03/2018 11:08
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