Article: article from journal or magazin.
Selective tumor localization of radiolabeled anti-human melanoma monoclonal antibody fragment demonstrated in the nude mouse model.
Monoclonal antibodies (Mab) directed against distinct epitopes of the human 240 kD melanoma-associated antigen have been evaluated for their capacity to localize in human melanoma grafted into nude mice. A favorable tumor to normal tissue ratio of 13 was obtained with intact 131I-labeled MAb Me1-14. This ratio was further increased to 43 and 23 by the use of F(ab')2 and Fab fragments, respectively. The specificity of tumor localization was demonstrated by the simultaneous injection of F(ab')2 fragments from MAb Me1-14 and anti-CEA MAb 35, each labeled with a different iodine isotope, into nude mice grafted with a melanoma and colon carcinoma. The fragments from both MAb localized with perfect selectivity in their relevant tumor as shown by differential whole body scanning and by direct measurement of the two isotopes in tumors and normal tissues. These in vivo experimental results suggest that the F(ab')2 fragment from MAb Me1-14 is suitable for melanoma detection by immunoscintigraphy in patients.
Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis, Antibodies, Monoclonal/isolation & purification, Antibody Affinity, Antigens, Neoplasm/immunology, Antigens, Surface/immunology, Binding Sites, Antibody, Colonic Neoplasms/immunology, Disease Models, Animal, Epitopes/immunology, Humans, Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments/analysis, Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments/isolation & purification, Iodine Radioisotopes/diagnostic use, Melanoma/immunology, Melanoma-Specific Antigens, Mice, Mice, Nude/immunology, Molecular Weight, Neoplasm Proteins/immunology, Neoplasm Transplantation, Time Factors
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