Article: article from journal or magazin.
Clinical studies with a vascular vasopressin antagonist.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology
8 Suppl 7
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
The effect of circulating arginine vasopressin (AVP) on blood pressure, heart rate, and skin blood flow was assessed in normotensive subjects, mild hypertensive patients, and patients with congestive heart failure, utilizing the specific antagonist of AVP at the vascular receptor level, d(CH2)5Tyr(Me)AVP (5 micrograms/kg i.v.). The renin system of the normal volunteers treated with the AVP antagonist was either intact or acutely blocked with the angiotensin converting-enzyme inhibitor captopril (25 mg p.o.). In some volunteers, the cardiovascular effect of AVP released by Finnish sauna or cigarette smoking was studied. In patients with congestive heart failure, hemodynamic measurements (pressures and cardiac output) were obtained invasively. Acute blockade of AVP vascular receptors produced no cardiovascular effect unless plasma AVP levels were markedly elevated. In our experience, abnormally high circulating AVP appears to be responsible for the decrease in skin blood flow induced by cigarette smoking and to some extent for the maintenance of vascular tone in the rare patients with particularly severe congestive heart failure.
Angiotensin II, Arginine Vasopressin, Heart Failure, Hemodynamics, Humans, Hypertension, Smoking, Steam Bath, Vasopressins
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