Article: article from journal or magazin.
The sites in the I-Ak histocompatibility molecule photoaffinity labeled by an immunogenic lysozyme peptide.
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. Publication Status: ppublish
The class II histocompatibilty molecule I-Ak was photoaffinity labeled by NH2- and COOH-terminal photoreactive conjugates of an immunogenic hen egg white lysozyme (HEL) peptide. The labeled alpha and beta chains were digested with protease from Staphylococcus aureus strain V-8 (protease V-8) and/or trypsin, and the proteolytic fragments were separated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (peptide mapping). Reproducible peptide maps containing a major labeled component were obtained from the three conjugates reported here whose photoreactive group was attached via short spacers of limited flexibility. The COOH-terminal conjugate N-acetyl HEL-(49-61)-iodo-4-azidosalicyloyl thioester (compound 1) labeled hydrophilic tryptic digest fragments on both chains of I-Ak. The labeled digest fragments were homogeneous in reverse-phase and anion-exchange HPLC, indicating that the photoaffinity labeling was site-specific. Conversely, the NH2-terminal conjugate iodo-4-azidosalicyloyl HEL-(46-61) (compound 2: IASA-(46-61)) labeled exceptionally hydrophobic sequences on both chains of I-Ak. The labeling was also site-specific because reverse-phase HPLC of primary digests with protease V-8 and secondary digests with trypsin showed single major labeled components. The labeling of I-Ak by IASA-(46-61) was fully inhibitible by HEL-(46-61). In contrast, IASA attached to the smallest immunogenic peptide 52-61 (compound 3) labeled a distinctly different hydrophilic tryptic fragment. The site of the I-Ak molecule that was photoaffinity labeled by IASA-(46-61) (compound 2) was determined. IASA-(46-61) labeled selectively at Pro-118 of a primary alpha chain fragment most likely encompassing residues 115-134. It labeled Thr-121 of a primary beta chain fragment most likely encompassing residues 109-138. We also obtained evidence that IASA-(46-61) occupied the antigen-specific site; the conjugate stimulated a T-cell hybridoma that recognizes the sequence 52-61 and also competed for the binding of this smaller peptide to I-Ak. Thus, peptides that bind to the allele-specific binding site and are long enough to extend beyond it can interact with a hydrophobic area of class II molecules. This area is formed by sequences of the first halves of the second domain of both alpha and beta chains.
Affinity Labels, Amino Acid Sequence, Binding Sites, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Histocompatibility Antigens Class II/metabolism, Molecular Sequence Data, Muramidase/metabolism, Peptide Fragments/isolation & purification, Peptide Fragments/metabolism, Peptide Mapping, Photochemistry, Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism, Trypsin/metabolism
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