How can a cause-of-death reduction be compensated for by the population heterogeneity? A dynamic approach

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_6F7E04543E72
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
How can a cause-of-death reduction be compensated for by the population heterogeneity? A dynamic approach
Périodique
Insurance: Mathematics and Economics
Auteur(s)
Kaakaï Sarah, Labit Hardy Héloïse, Arnold Séverine, El Karoui Nicole
ISSN
0167-6687
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
11/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
89
Pages
16-37
Langue
anglais
Résumé
In the context of widening socioeconomic inequalities in mortality, it has become crucially important to understand the impact of population heterogeneity and its evolution on mortality. In particular, recent developments in multi-population mortality have raised a number of questions, among which is the issue of evaluating cause-of-death reduction targets set by national and international institutions in the presence of heterogeneity. The aim of this paper is to show how the population dynamics framework contributes to addressing these issues, relying on English population data and cause-specific number of deaths by socioeconomic circumstances, over the period 1981–2015.
The analysis of the data first highlights the complexity of recent demographic developments, characterized by significant compositional changes, with considerable variations according to the age class or cohort, along with a widening of socioeconomic inequalities. We then introduce a dynamic framework for studying the impact of composition changes on the mortality of the global population. In particular, we show how a cause-of-death reduction could be compensated for in the presence of heterogeneity, which could lead to misinterpretations when assessing public policies impacts and/or for the forecasting of future trends.
Mots-clé
Deprivation, Heterogeneity, Cause-of-death mortality, Cohort effect
Création de la notice
06/11/2019 16:43
Dernière modification de la notice
07/11/2019 6:10
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