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Beneficial effects of leukocyte-depleted blood and low-potassium dextran solutions on microvascular permeability in preserved porcine lung.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Modified Euro-Collins (EC) solution, a crystalloid intracellular-type solution, has been commonly used for pulmonary preservation. Several experimental studies have shown the advantages of using extracellular colloid-based solutions. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of preservation of two extracellular colloid solutions, leukocyte-depleted blood (BL) and low-potassium dextran (LPD) solutions, with that of EC solution. Lungs of 22 domestic pigs were flushed and preserved with EC (n = 8), BL (n = 7), or LPD (n = 7) solution. After harvesting, one of the lungs was reperfused immediately in an ex vivo circuit (control lungs), whereas the contralateral lung was reperfused after 8 h of cold (4 degrees C) storage (preserved lungs). Besides the lung function parameters (gas exchange, pulmonary hemodynamics and mechanics), the permeability of the endothelial-epithelial barrier was assessed by determining the transferrin leak index (TLI) using a double radioisotopic method, by measuring the alveolar/arterial protein concentration ratio, and by analyzing histopathologic changes. The functional quality (oxygenation, airway resistance, dynamic compliance [CL, dyn]) of both BL and LPD lungs was slightly but significantly superior to that of EC lungs. However, pulmonary vascular resistance was lower in BL-preserved than in EC- or LPD-preserved lungs. The TLI was increased in EC control and preserved lungs, whereas it was low in BL and LPD control lungs and did not increase after preservation. The alveolar/arterial protein concentration ratio was not different between control groups, but was increased fourfold in EC-preserved compared with BL- or LPD-preserved lungs. Finally, EC-preserved lungs presented a weight gain about twice that of BL- and LPD-preserved lungs. Morphologic analysis confirmed these results, because in the EC-preserved lungs, rupture of alveolar septa and severe alveolar edema and hemorrhage were observed, whereas BL- and LPD-preserved lungs showed a relatively well-preserved structure. The results demonstrate that both BL and LPD flush solutions preserve the endothelial-epithelial barrier better than does EC solution. Although the quality of preservation is similar, pulmonary vascular resistance is higher in LPD-preserved than in BL-preserved lungs.
Animals, Blood, Capillary Permeability/drug effects, Capillary Permeability/physiology, Dextrans/pharmacology, Female, Hypertonic Solutions/pharmacology, Lung/drug effects, Lung/pathology, Lung Compliance/physiology, Lung Transplantation/pathology, Lung Transplantation/physiology, Lung Volume Measurements, Lymphocyte Depletion, Male, Organ Preservation, Organ Preservation Solutions/pharmacology, Oxygen/blood, Potassium/pharmacology, Reperfusion Injury/pathology, Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology, Respiratory Mechanics/physiology, Swine
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