Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global "Survey of World Views"

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_6EA5B8C61AA6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global "Survey of World Views"
Périodique
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Auteur(s)
Saucier G., Kenner J., Iurino K., Bou Malham P., Chen Z., Thalmayer A. G., Kemmelmeier M.
ISSN
0022-0221
1552-5422
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/01/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
46
Numéro
1
Pages
53-70
Langue
anglais
Résumé
We know that there are cross-cultural differences in psychological variables, such as individualism/collectivism. But it has not been clear which of these variables show relatively the greatest differences. The Survey of World Views project operated from the premise that such issues are best addressed in a diverse sampling of countries representing a majority of the world’s population, with a very large range of item-content. Data were collected online from 8,883 individuals (almost entirely college students based on local publicizing efforts) in 33 countries that constitute more than two third of the world’s population, using items drawn from measures of nearly 50 variables. This report focuses on the broadest patterns evident in item data. The largest differences were not in those contents most frequently emphasized in cross-cultural psychology (e.g., values, social axioms, cultural tightness), but instead in contents involving religion, regularity-norm behaviors, family roles and living arrangements, and ethnonationalism. Content not often studied cross-culturally (e.g., materialism, Machiavellianism, isms dimensions, moral foundations) demonstrated moderate-magnitude differences. Further studies are needed to refine such conclusions, but indications are that cross-cultural psychology may benefit from casting a wider net in terms of the psychological variables of focus.
Mots-clé
cultural psychology, family/child rearing, personality, religion/morality, values, attitudes, beliefs, gender/sex roles, ethnic identity
Création de la notice
09/01/2017 12:46
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:27
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