Geocoding child sexual abuse: An explorative analysis on journey to crime and to victimization from French police data

Détails

Ressource 1Demande d'une copie Sous embargo jusqu'au 13/03/2029.
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: Tous droits réservés
ID Serval
serval:BIB_6DE2E64CD8D2
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Geocoding child sexual abuse: An explorative analysis on journey to crime and to victimization from French police data
Périodique
Child Abuse & Neglect
Auteur(s)
Chopin Julien, Caneppele Stefano
ISSN
0145-2134
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
05/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
91
Pages
116-130
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Background
For several years, the link between mobility, human behavior and crime have highlighted by criminologists. Nevertheless, due to the difficulty of compiling sensitive geographical data, the spatial behavior of extrafamilial child abusers has received little empirical attention.
Objective
The purpose of this study is to explore the spatial mobility of victims and offenders of extrafamilial child abuse under the lens of the crime mobility triangle methodology. The main objective is to analyze the distribution of the spatial mobility patterns and determine which factors are associated with these patterns.
Participants
This study analyses the characteristics of 612 cases of extrafamilial child abuses recorded by the French police between 1979 and 2013.
Methods
By using police data, this research analyses firstly the journey to crime and the victims of child abuse with descriptive analyses. Secondly, geographical data are merged to compute and classify the cases in the geometric and geographic mobility typologies. Thirdly, multivariate analyses are used to identify which factors are associated with each specific mobility pattern.
Results
Results suggest that the journeys to crime and victimization are shorter compared to cases of adult sexual abuse. Over 50\% of aggression occurred within 2.5 km of offenders' houses and 0.5 km of victims' residences. Acquaintanceship is more important when the victims are younger while the expansion of routine activities associated with secondary socialization increases the risk of aggression in public spaces.
Conclusions
Journeys to crime are affected by children routine activities and modus operandi parameters, whereas offenders' characteristics were found to have no impact on the spatial behavior.
Mots-clé
Crime patterns, Journey to crime, Modus operandi, Rational choice, Sexual crime, Spatial behavior
Création de la notice
13/03/2019 13:00
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:09
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