Article: article from journal or magazin.
Phylogenetic structures of the Holarctic Sorex araneus group and its relationships with S-samniticus, as inferred from mtDNA sequences
The shrews of the Sorex araneus group, characterized by the sexual chromosome complex XY1, Y2 have been intensively studied by morphological, karyotypical, and biochemical analyses. Nevertheless, the phylogenetic relationships among the species belonging to the araneus complex are still under debate, as different approaches gave often contradictory results. In this paper, partial nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene (1011 bp) were determined for 6 species of the araneus group from Eurasia and North America. We also included in the data set the sequences of Sorex samniticus, whose relationships with the araneus group remain controversial. Three other species representing two major karyological groups were also examined. Both parsimony and distance trees strongly support the monophyly of the araneus group. Sorex sumniticus is significantly more closely related to the araneus complex than to the other species included in the analysis. Based on the branching pattern within the araneus group, an attempt has been made to reconstruct the colonization history of the Holarctic region.
MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA SEQUENCES, CICHLID FISHES, GENUS SOREX, INSECTIVORA, EVOLUTION, SORICIDAE, MAMMALIA, POPULATIONS, KARYOTYPE, MARKER
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