Article: article from journal or magazin.
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha regulates amino acid metabolism.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha is a ligand-activated transcription factor that plays an important role in the regulation of lipid homeostasis. PPARalpha mediates the effects of fibrates, which are potent hypolipidemic drugs, on gene expression. To better understand the biological effects of fibrates and PPARalpha, we searched for genes regulated by PPARalpha using oligonucleotide microarray and subtractive hybridization. By comparing liver RNA from wild-type and PPARalpha null mice, it was found that PPARalpha decreases the mRNA expression of enzymes involved in the metabolism of amino acids. Further analysis by Northern blot revealed that PPARalpha influences the expression of several genes involved in trans- and deamination of amino acids, and urea synthesis. Direct activation of PPARalpha using the synthetic PPARalpha ligand WY14643 decreased mRNA levels of these genes, suggesting that PPARalpha is directly implicated in the regulation of their expression. Consistent with these data, plasma urea concentrations are modulated by PPARalpha in vivo. It is concluded that in addition to oxidation of fatty acids, PPARalpha also regulates metabolism of amino acids in liver, indicating that PPARalpha is a key controller of intermediary metabolism during fasting.
Amino Acids/metabolism, Animals, Deamination, Gene Expression Regulation, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Nucleic Acid Hybridization/methods, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods, Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics, Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/physiology, Transcription Factors/genetics, Transcription Factors/physiology, Urea/metabolism
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