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Salicylate biosynthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Purification and characterization of PchB, a novel bifunctional enzyme displaying isochorismate pyruvate-lyase and chorismate mutase activities.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Isochorismate pyruvate-lyase (IPL), the second enzyme of pyochelin biosynthesis and the product of the pchB gene, was purified to homogeneity from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In the reaction catalyzed by this enzyme, isochorismate --> salicylate + pyruvate, no cofactors appear to be required. At the pH optimum (pH 6.8), the enzyme displayed Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with an apparent K(m) of 12.5 microm for isochorismate and a kcat of 106 min(-1), calculated per monomer. The native enzyme behaved as a homodimer, as judged by molecular sieving chromatography, electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions, and cross-linking experiments. PchB has approximately 20% amino acid sequence identity with AroQ-class chorismate mutases (CMs). Chorismate was shown to be converted to prephenate by purified PchB in vitro, with an apparent K(m) of 150 microm and a kcat of 7.8 min(-1). An oxabicyclic diacid transition state analog and well characterized inhibitor of CMs competitively inhibited both IPL and CM activities of PchB. Moreover, a CM-deficient Escherichia coli mutant, which is auxotrophic for phenylalanine and tyrosine, was functionally complemented by the cloned P. aeruginosa pchB gene for growth in minimal medium. A mutant form of PchB, in which isoleucine 88 was changed to threonine, had no detectable IPL activity, but retained wild-type CM activity. In conclusion, the 11.5-kDa subunit of PchB appears to contain a single active site involved in both IPL and CM activity.
Amino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins/chemistry, Bacterial Proteins/genetics, Binding, Competitive, Blotting, Western, Catalysis, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Cross-Linking Reagents/pharmacology, Dimerization, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Escherichia coli/metabolism, Genetic Complementation Test, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Isoleucine/chemistry, Kinetics, Models, Chemical, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Secondary, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Pseudomonas aeruginosa/enzymology, Salicylates/metabolism, Temperature
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