Article: article from journal or magazin.
Phenotypic characterization of a photomorphogenic mutant.
Light is arguably the most important abiotic factor controlling plant growth and development throughout their life cycle. Plants have evolved sophisticated light-sensing mechanisms to monitor fluctuations in light quality, intensity, direction and periodicity (day length). In Arabidopsis, three families of photoreceptors have been identified by molecular genetic studies. The UV-A/blue light receptors cryptochromes and the red/far-red receptors phytochromes control an overlapping set of responses including photoperiodic flowering induction and de-etiolation. Phototropins are the primary photoreceptors for a set of specific responses to UV-A/blue light such as phototropism, chloroplast movement and stomatal opening. Mutants affecting a photoreceptor have a characteristic phenotype. It is therefore possible to determine the specific developmental responses and the photoreceptor pathway(s) affected in a mutant by performing an appropriate set of photobiological and genetic experiments. In this paper, we outline the principal and easiest experiments that can be performed to obtain a first indication about the nature of the photobiological defect in a given mutant.
Arabidopsis/genetics, Arabidopsis/physiology, Arabidopsis Proteins, Cryptochromes, Flavoproteins/physiology, Gene Expression Regulation, Plant/radiation effects, Light, Morphogenesis, Mutation, Phenotype, Phytochrome/physiology, Ultraviolet Rays
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