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Enhanced visuospatial memory following intracerebroventricular administration of nerve growth factor
Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Jan
The present work assessed the effects of intracerebroventricular injections of rh recombined human nerve growth factor (rh NGF) (5 micrograms/2.5 microl) at postnatal days 12 and 13 upon the development of spatial learning capacities. The treated rats were trained at the age of 22 days to escape onto an invisible platform at a fixed position in space in a Morris navigation task. For half of the subjects, the training position was also cued, a procedure aimed at facilitating escape and at reducing attention to the distant spatial cues. Later, at the age of 6 months, all the rats were trained in a radial-arm maze task. Treatment effects were found in both immature and adult rats. The injection of NGF improved the performance in the Morris navigation task in both training conditions. There was a significant reduction in the escape latency and an increased bias toward the training platform quadrant during probe trials. The most consistent effect was the precocious development of an adult-like spatial memory. In the radial-arm maze, the NGF-treated rats made significantly fewer reentries than vehicle rats and this effect was particularly marked in the treated female rats. Taken together, these experiments reveal that the development and the maintenance of an accurate spatial representation are tightly related to the development of brain structures facilitated by the action of NGF. Moreover, these experiments demonstrate that an acute pharmacological treatment that leads to a transient modification in the choline acetyltransferase activity can induce a behavioral change long after the treatment.
Age Factors Animals Brain/*drug effects Choline O-Acetyltransferase/metabolism Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Escape Reaction/drug effects Female Frontal Lobe/drug effects Hippocampus/drug effects Humans Injections, Intraventricular Male Maze Learning/*drug effects Mental Recall/*drug effects Nerve Growth Factor/*pharmacology Orientation/*drug effects Rats Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology
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