What we use is not what we know: environmental predictors in plant distribution models

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_6A00CB6045C2
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
What we use is not what we know: environmental predictors in plant distribution models
Périodique
Journal of Vegetation Science
Auteur(s)
Mod  H.K., Scherrer  D., Luoto  M., Guisan  A.
ISSN
1654-1103
ISSN-L
1100-9233
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
27
Numéro
6
Pages
1308-1322
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Questions: The choice of environmental predictor variables in correlative models of plant species distributions (hereafter plant SDMs) is crucial to ensure predictive accuracy and model realism, as highlighted in multiple earlier studies. Because variable selection is directly related to a model's capacity to capture important species' environmental requirements, one would expect an explicit prior consideration of all ecophysiologically meaningful variables. For plants, these include temperature, water, soil nutrients, light, and in some cases, disturbances and biotic interactions. However, the set of predictors used in published correlative plant SDM studies varies considerably. No comprehensive review exists of what environmental predictors are meaningful, available (or missing), and used in practice to predict plant distributions. Contributing to answer these questions is the aim of this review.
Methods: We carried out an extensive, systematic review of recently published plant SDM studies (years 2010-2015; n = 200) to determine the predictors used in the models. We additionally conducted an in-depth review of SDM studies in selected journals to identify temporal trends in the use of predictors (years 2000-2015; n = 40).
Results: Except for the pure climatic studies, a large majority of plant SDM studies neglected several ecophysiologically-meaningful environmental variables, and the number of relevant predictors used in models has stagnated or even declined over the last 15 years.
Conclusions: Neglecting ecophysiologically meaningful predictors can result in incomplete niche quantification and can thus limit the predictive power of plant SDMs. Some of these missing predictors are already available spatially or may soon become available (e.g., soil moisture). However, others are not yet easily obtainable across whole study extents (e.g., soil pH and nutrients), and their development should receive increased attention. We conclude that more effort should be made to build ecologically more sound plant SDMs. This requires a more thorough rationale for the choice of environmental predictors needed to meet the study goal, and the development of missing ones. The latter calls for increased collaborative effort between ecological and geo-environmental sciences
Mots-clé
covariate, environment, habitat suitability, independent variable, model, niche, plant, predictor, species distribution
Web of science
Création de la notice
18/06/2016 12:17
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 18:01
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