Article: article from journal or magazin.
Hyaluronate fragments reverse skin atrophy by a CD44-dependent mechanism.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
BACKGROUND: Skin atrophy is a common manifestation of aging and is frequently accompanied by ulceration and delayed wound healing. With an increasingly aging patient population, management of skin atrophy is becoming a major challenge in the clinic, particularly in light of the fact that there are no effective therapeutic options at present. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Atrophic skin displays a decreased hyaluronate (HA) content and expression of the major cell-surface hyaluronate receptor, CD44. In an effort to develop a therapeutic strategy for skin atrophy, we addressed the effect of topical administration of defined-size HA fragments (HAF) on skin trophicity. Treatment of primary keratinocyte cultures with intermediate-size HAF (HAFi; 50,000-400,000 Da) but not with small-size HAF (HAFs; <50,000 Da) or large-size HAF (HAFl; >400,000 Da) induced wild-type (wt) but not CD44-deficient (CD44-/-) keratinocyte proliferation. Topical application of HAFi caused marked epidermal hyperplasia in wt but not in CD44-/- mice, and significant skin thickening in patients with age- or corticosteroid-related skin atrophy. The effect of HAFi on keratinocyte proliferation was abrogated by antibodies against heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) and its receptor, erbB1, which form a complex with a particular isoform of CD44 (CD44v3), and by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3). CONCLUSIONS: Our observations provide a novel CD44-dependent mechanism for HA oligosaccharide-induced keratinocyte proliferation and suggest that topical HAFi application may provide an attractive therapeutic option in human skin atrophy.
Adult, Animals, Antigens, CD31, Antigens, CD44, Atrophy, Blotting, Western, Cell Proliferation, Cells, Cultured, Epidermal Growth Factor, Female, Humans, Hyaluronic Acid, Immunoprecipitation, Intermediate Filament Proteins, Keratinocytes, Male, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Oligosaccharides, Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor, Skin, Skin Diseases, Vimentin
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